Assignment on Discussion on Social science and personality traits- magnify the understanding capacity of the brain

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Discussion on Social science and personality traits

Self-Concept and Cross-Cultural Differences

According to Decety & Sommerville (2003), various thinking styles in Western and Chinese as analytic against holistic approach respectively lead to differences between two different cultures not only in perception of them but also in potential-level of social cognition like self-representation. In the text based on concepts of “Cross-Cultural Differences in Brain Activation When Considering the Self”, it has been underlined that currently, the capabilities of an individual to identify with others and to differentiate between self and another act as an important agent in intersubjective transactions. There has been enough evidence of the fact that a common reflection network both at the level of neural and computational exist between the other and self-confined in a social construction (Watanabe, Kashino, Nakazawa & Shimojo, 2018). 

Rowe (2016) has pointed out the fact that self-concept could be defined as an overreaching concept individual have regarding who they are based on the parameters of physicality, emotional constructions, socially and others. Individuals form their self-concept as they grow up on the basis of their acquired knowledge from the outside world. By the phrase, “a self-concept that is NOT fused with representations of others” suggests the fact that an individual is capable of reflecting own acquired knowledge that is not influenced by others in the same society or could be completely different from what others believe. 

As per the investigations of Blanke, Slater & Serino (2015), it could be said that there are some important behavioural implications related to the self-consciousness. Certain personality traits such as introversion or extroversion could differentiate individual from others. The relation self could be defined by the associations with significant others. For instance, friends, spouses and others. On the other hand, the collective behaviour could be represented by association with social groups.

Trait Constructs

There are many examples that one layperson has influenced the people around them. The trait of the person is an important factor in this case. In case of an honest person, the effects on the society or other individual will definitely be positive. The affirmation of a person needs to be specific and, in this case, the opportunities that are associated with the people need to be analysed in a proper manner. The layperson is a positive influence in this case and it can be stated that the majority of the times the people get the vibe of another person and in accordance with that the decision are made on the characteristics of the person (Donaldson, Dollwet & Rao, 2015). There is a need of this like person to make an analysis of what the people are looking for and what they are hoping from the others. In this case, the majority of the psychologists say that the issues associated with self-evaluation is nullified with the presence of this like character.  It is important to make sure that the issues associated with the other characters will have a major effect on them. For an example, the negative effects of an aggressive person can be taken into consideration.

The most of the times it is seen that the issues are magnified with the presence of the person in a system if he is negative minded. The most of the cases it is seen that the issues are not that much important if the affected person is psychologically not weak. In order to develop a theory, it is important to consider the influence of the person because without a proper basic ground there will be no use of the aspects that are associated with it (Godwin et al., 2015). There are many possible outcomes and a theory considering the traits like sympathy, aggressiveness, kindness and others will magnify the prospects in a proper manner.


The Five-Factor Model

The “five factor model” as constructed and defined is useful in describing differences between people along with in pointing out the people’s behavioural patterns. Standing on the hierarchical organizational construction of personality traits, this model through “Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, and Openness to Experience”, helps on defining what are the behavioural traits different people are bearing in a particular social group (Han, 2016). This suggest to the fact that an individual could be extrovert in nature but have no capability to possess all the five dimensions of the said model at the same time. 

By the example cited here, it could be said that the protagonist may be an extrovert in nature and that is why she has no complication in greeting people with a smile. This explanation also bears the meaning that, the protagonist here has the knowledge about herself and how she should use this knowledge to build up an effective communication with others. On the other hand, as per the other side of the same coin, it could be said that she has been aware of the usual gesture patterns prevalent in the social construction she belongs to (Han, 2016). The existing patterns of talking to people in her social and cultural construction has taught her to do so. She is kind of in an agreeable situation with the social believes of others. Therefore, from the above explanation, two strategic pillars of the “five factor model” (Extraversion and Agreeableness) have been understood and how they circle individual behavioural gestures, responsiveness and readiness have been pointed out. 


The Brain and Psychological Functions

There are many important theories that describe that the issues associated with human psychology are connected with the brain. Therefore, it is evident that the person with a psychological need can be analysed properly if the brain anatomy is studied in a proper manner. The neuroscience is a necessary aspect to take into consideration because the neuroscience makes proper kind of amendment in the wrong aspects related to psychological traits. The major parts of brain like fore brain, id brain and the posterior part makes a good impact on the psychological management (Riccelli et al., 2017). On the other hand, it is evident that the psychological traits develop due to the experiences that are being faced by one person. The interpretation is done by these parts of the brain and the hormonal functionality makes the rest of the thing to analyse the aspect. In accordance with the neuroscience it is evident that the major factors like the social understanding makes a valuable contribution to the management of the issues. The most of the times it is seen that the issues associated with the social ambience play a great role in defining the characteristics and personality of a person. 

The interpretation is done by the brain and hence the effects of brain in understanding the factors cannot be totally overlooked. Therefore, it is evident that there is a neuroscience where it can be found that the effects of different stimulus magnify the understanding capacity of the brain and the entire process of interpretation gets changed in a drastic manner (Allen & DeYoung, 2017). The psychology and personality, two different things can be easily understood if one person’s brain structure can be analysed properly (Cervone & Pervin, 2015). The personality management depends on the brain structure and the society where the person lives. It is an effective measure to make sure the interpretation of issues is going in that right direction.

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