A case study on Diploma in Marine Surveying- identifying the shipping and the loading

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Diploma in Marine Surveying


With the global trading and the increased trading of the goods, there are heavy loads which require a major attention for identifying the shipping and the loading means that are defined in a logistic process. The research is about the survey for the ship which is a single screw with the three-diesel generator sets and the shaft alternator. The scope is to include the different areas for the engine room and the cargo pump room where the machinery deck and the cargo is able to handle the associated documentations. The survey is about the company for performing the pre-purchasing condition with hull structure for joint client (Davarzani et al., 2016). The vessel is purchased with new owners who are able to replace the crew with the officers and the ratings. The choice is classification on the behalf of the shipowner where the performance of the statutory tasks is done on behalf of the flag states. There are vessels and the flag states of European standards to only delegate the responsibility for shipping surveys which is based on Regulation No 391/2009. The flag state administration is BG Verkehr which is a ship safety division. 

Part 1:

With the changing times, there are different problems related to trading of goods which are not for the standardized cargo. The transport modes are for global supply chains that focus on challenges and problems of logistics process. The designing of maritime vessel is oriented with accommodating through accommodating the modes of transport. Here, there are designing and the transportation of the products which are reflected through different vessels in the industry of shipbuilding. Some of the issues are the capability of manpower and the expertise with research and development of resources (Davarzani et al., 2015). The challenges are related to global competition with rising costs for the raw materials and the capacity with shortage in the qualified personnel as well. The lack of infrastructure and the facilities for the support require to handle the shortage of qualified personnel as well. There is a need to focus on enhancement of domestic capabilities with building small vessels and then strengthening the support. There have been problem related to removing the screwed or the nailed paneling, liners and the carpenter. The disassembly of engines and the electronics with the specialized equipment needs to handle descriptive testing like drilling holes and then removing the paint or the gel coat. There are challenges about the rapid growing parts for the cargo shipping, where heavy loads also include the goods like the parts of win turbine, tunneling of equipment and the plants (Parola et al., 2015). There are different goods which needs to be handled with transportation depending upon the requirements of customer. The challenges are related to heavy load transport with environmental criteria and the motion response at the time of environmental events. The problem is also related to the cargo footprint and the sensitivity for the damages, cribbing and the fastening of arrangements like lashing, chains or the hooks. The transport and the insurance costs are also there which needs to be handled with ensuring that there is a proper and safe support with transport. The wind turbines and the cranes have a range of project cargo with semi-submersible and the heavy loading ships. The companies need to handle the non-submersible heavy load ships that generally are seen to be lacking the superstructures for loading areas (Lee et al., 2016). The issues are related to substantial increase of the contain vessel size in recent times which could be set through shell doors of ship. The freight is for bulk commodities that include coal, grain and the product shipment like packaging of steel and the timber. The effectiveness comes with handling the situations related to engine surveyor where there is a need to involve the broker who is able to handle the different arrangements. The buyers are involved in the details that are for handling the costing of more money. The buyer needs to handle the services with benefits from inspecting the vessels and surveyor’s time. The representative needs to grant access for the vessel with focusing on the operations. The surveyors also need to handle the access to nooks and crannies of vessel to get the best structural integrity and safety. The pre-purchase of the buyers require to handle the operations with Marine Surveying that is able to schedule the inspection of water, and sea trial that is for a particular situation. The surveys are carried for the on-sight portions where there are times for the vessel size, condition and age The pre-purchase surveying of reports include the date of inspection with signing and sealing the reports that are mailed at the time of completion. There are challenges related to the cost of fuel and the cutting cost of transport which is considered to be majorly for the fuel prices. The higher fuel pricing is considered to be increasing the transport costs for the shippers with pushing up the surcharges of fuel (Papadopoulos et al., 2018). The business process improvement is for the technology where the logistics industry need to work on the advancement of the opportunities with adoption and the onboarding which could be seen to be overwhelming. The challenge is about the improved customer services with the transparency that is for the delivery at different times. The package locations are also seen to be interconnected with the social network with the willingness for paying the fast shipping which is decreased with shortage of driver and the retention. The governmental regulations are the problems where the careers face the compliance regulations which is for the federal, state and the local authorities. The environmental issues are related to the reduction which is related to the benefits and the technologies that will help in implementing the improvements. The issues are related to the expenses and the visibility for supply chain that requires to handle the greater regulatory compliance as well (Song et al., 2015). 

Part 2:

The arrival and the departure is based on ensuring the collection of the vessel with focusing on handling the engine room machinery and the cargo handling effectively. This includes the engine room areas with the ship in the single screw which is able to handle the Crude Oil Tankers. The arrival and the departure from the port is considered to be the aspects for handling the voyage of the ship. Here, the engine and the departments for the deck are mainly to ensure the safety for the ship and the crew. There are plans and the discussion of different requirements and cargo operations. The general overview is about following and entering into the port where it is important to focus on the knowledge and the skills related to ensuring the safety berthing of ship. The meeting includes the conditions with checklist for the entering of ports. The officers include the cadets and the crew members who have been for assigning the duties at the time of ship berthing. This involves the procedures for carrying out the different duties and then handling the operations of ship. The master takes a complete control for the bridge vessel which is then accompanied with bowing to command and guiding towards the forwarding station (Psaraffis, 2015). The check is on the flow meter counters which are for handling the generator and the boiler which is for the major purpose of calculation of oil in port. The bridges and the maritime accidents are mainly due to the errors which are due to the inadequate bridge procedures. Hence, the department of the deck needs to be prepared with vessel departure for sea voyage. The comprehensive passage planning is done with handling the complexities with ensuring smooth voyage passage and the navigation that is safe. The effective review of weather needs to finalize the planning where the latest connections are for working with pilot and effective coordination. The records are considered to the pilotage procedures where there are interaction is based on checking and then preparing the machinery. The testing and the departure is done through anchoring, cables and the communication equipment. Here, the usage is for the checklist for ensuring the safe departure to consider the vessel proper preparation with bridge procedures checklists for national and international guidance. The masters of the vessels require to work on listing the fresh produce on board and then identifying the information with pest management measures (Yuen et al., 2017). There is a need to ensure that the quarantine clearance procedures with last port destination and immediately preceding port with placing of call. 

There are arrangements and processes defined for the commercial ships and the project vessels which includes the pleasure or the recreational craft. Here, the minimum requirements are for the length of ports with complying to the requires for different vessel. This require a proper preparatory action with certification from management of bio fueling on hull. The planning is to arrive and then visit the places for the first arrival with the approval for the vessel time. The application forms are for arriving at a port other than a place to treat or exchange the discharge to the standardized requirement. There is a need to keep the food stores and the garbage secured with health standard requirements for any cargo. The obligations are for filing the shipping report which is applied to the vessels with arriving customized territory. The exemptions are for the vessels without cargo or the passengers and the government vessels. The time limits needs to be filed with authorizing place with shipping that leaves the previous port (Lee et al., 2018). 

The customer decisions need to be communicated with focusing on relevant information with arrival in port which is considered important with the prior notification to be communicated thoroughly. The permissions are for unloading and receiving the permissions with focusing on cargo declaration that is approved. The shipping store is about victualling supplies on the occasions where the communication is through MSW. There is a planning and monitoring of the loading and the discharge for the cargo which is important for handling the commencement of the gantry ranges. There are suggestions for handling the auto-heeling of the systems and ensuring the safe keeping with the safety removal of the hatch covers without any damages that are done to the superstructure of the ship. The International Maritime Dangerous Goods are carried with the containers which includes the designation to carry them with the treatment of the significance. The planning is about the responsibility for the deck officers with the major familiarization of the Code that is recommended. The practical approach is to work on the cargo planning with handling the visible sides of the containers. The discharge of the DG containers where there are no stickers is considered to be a major offense where the ships might be fined or arrested for the same. There is a need to handle the reefer containers with care which are found to be sensitive and working on cargo and so they need to be properly handled with care as well (Cheong et al., 2015). One needs to be aware of the electrician who is responsible with connecting and then disconnecting that refers to handle the cadets or the deck crew for helping one out. There are Out of Gauge Cargo which are not considered to be fitting in the container. Hence, the heavy machinery, with the spare parts, boats and the yachts are used for loading and then handling the hold of the cargo as well. The loading is done on top with rack containers that are done through using the wooden dunnage. There are working on the cargo for the skilled check and supervision where the lashings are done with properly handling the sea going conditions. The visual inspections of the ship are to handle the under-keel clearance as it is larger for the boxes which needs to be loaded with the larger quantity of the ballast water. The ship needs to be handled with the operations that is as per the advice and the requirement with closer watch on the inclinometer for monitoring the list of vessels (Seo et al., 2016). 

Part 3:

The applicable machinery items are based on examining the different times which are related to:

a. Main Propulsion Diesel Engine where there are cylinder covers, valves and valves where the cylinder liners are using for piston and the piston rods. The connections of the rods with the fuel injection pumps with the booster pumps. There are de-tuners and the dampers and other units of balancer. The main engine thrust bearing is set with governor.

b. The Auxiliary Diesel Engine is for the complete unit handling that is for the coolers and the pumps. 

c. The machinery is set with the driven pumps that are for bilging and then oil of lubrication with water cooling. They are independent of the driving of pumps which are then associated motors where the condensers with feed heaters and drain coolers. The forced or the induced draught fans are for handling the hair compressors with safety devices (Lee et al., 2016). 

d. There are steering machinery for handling the shafts and the processes of the pressure plans that are for the proper adjustment of the exhaust gases. It includes the gas boiler safety which is under the steam and the shafting is under the intermediate shafts, where the steering is for the gear pumps.

e. The deck machinery is about the windlass and the machinery which is for handling the installations of the cargo refrigerated standards The brine pumps and the condenser for cooling pumps are set with liquid refrigerant circulating pumps. 

f. Ships are for fitting with approved inert gas systems. It includes the scrubber units, with independent gas generators. 

g. Inapplicability of machinery units include the Main Propulsion of Diesel Engines with the relief devices, crankpins and the bearings. The engine trial with first start arrangements are used. 

h. Main Steam Turbines

i. Gas Turbines and the shafting is about the increased gearing, flexibility in couplings and the clutches. 

j. Auxiliary machinery with pumping arrangements and the connections for the sea.

k. The pressure plants are for the boilers and the other pressure vessels with steam pipes with maneuvering valves and then handling the stop valves. This is for starting the air pipes. 

l. Electrical Equipment are more other than the other auxiliary motors (Bell et al., 2016). 

m. Ships fitted with the approved inert gas systems with the remaining components.

n. The general items are for holding down the bolts and the chocks with machinery damage, repairs and alterations. 

There are classifications for the societies with checking a ship for the compliance and the class rules. The shipowner is about the certification of compliance that includes the class rules and then handling the issuance of class certificates. The societies tend to perform the duties with shipping that is staying on behalf of flag state administrations. The societies are for ensuring compliance with the states that are working on the safety requirements with Maritime Organization. The authorization is different from one to the other state where the tasks are for the security and maritime labor law. The navigational and the radio equipment is for the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency that requires to properly verify on the complete listing. 

There are vessel safety surveys which are for handling the controls and then the classifications in the societies. There are conventions and the authorization to handle the navigation controls that are set in harbor with the cargo and the gas cargo. The construction surveys are about the age and the vessel type, with certification that is given for the societies related to the different controls on the hull. The requirements are based on Continuous survey hull and survey machinery with controls of mooring, anchoring and handling the system of propulsion. The annual inspections are for the survey for diving suspensions (Lee et al., 2018). The intermediate survey is about the age of vessel with the handling of intensive aging processes. There are safety surveys for handling the ship safety construction and the radio to handle the navigation process. The boot time and the sea requires to handle global maritime distress for the system of safety. Here, pyrotechnic equipment is not for testing on board and then there are personal equipment which are tested for the exercises that are mainly for abandoning the shift with the decisions of master. The firefighting equipment is tested with the ship hoisting surveys to handle the lifting of appliances where there are surveys in harbors and the port state control that are the vessels which are not controlled till, they are arriving in harbor. The dependency is about the investigation process where the cargo of the ship is generally seen to be controlled through handling oil carriers and the independent surveyor. The usage is about calculating the tank quantity where the sample is about focusing on the density and temperature for the water in tanks. The control is determined through handling the oil carriers with avoiding the dry bulk cargo which is applied for a product with gas rats to avoid problems with animals. 


The survey is based on handling the management with the officers working on crew to ensure about the goods that are working order of the vessel. Here, there is a need to focus on different instructions at the time of accidents where the fire and the evacuation is set at a particular limit. the exercises are done mainly for familiarizing the crew with safety for boarding the ship. The classification of the societies are mainly to rule for the delivered certification with handling the restrictive approaches to avoid the problems as well. The research has been about handling the description and the areas for the engine room which are for handling the cargo pumping areas effective along with the machinery of deck with associated documentation procedures. 

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