The assignment focuses on the quality of leaders adopted by manager.

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The leader can be the manager but the manager cannot be the leader, but there can be a leader who is not the manager. This sentence indicates that the role of leader and managers not exactly affiliated. However, to be effectual, managers should learn about leaders by upgrading effective leadership skills. The purpose of this study is to explain the role of the manager in the organization. Managers are defined differently by different authors. However, summarizing the views of some of the main theorists, managers are individuals who control resources, people, processes, and structureswithin an organization. He can do this in the top level or hierarchy. Managers who are leaders in the organization can play a key role. Management is one of utmostsignificant tasks of all companies, regardless of their type, industry, market orsize. Managers will not go out and perform their duties at will. Good managers find out how to master the five basic functions: planning, organization, staffing, leadership and control. Being a manager is an accomplishmentas it reveals successful leadership of professionals, oversees several business operations, manages stress as well as manages the capability to communicate efficiently with peers. In each department, managers contribute to the company in an important way, which is reflected in the corporation's profit, organization and inclusive workplace morale. A manager is someone who guides the activities of others in an organization. Managers do their work on different levels, they are called different names. First-line managers are generally referred to as supervisors, or in manufacturing they may be called foremen. Middle management involves all the levels of management amid the regulatory level and top management of the organization. Managers play a vital role in the workplace. He is the manager that the employee looks up, which is why the manager should lead a good example. He should know how to deal with difficult situations and make informed decisions about everything. In order for managers to effectively lead the company and achieve its goals, it is strongly recommended to apply system thinking principles. Through the system, the organization manager will be able to make rules and make decisions that protect the company's best interests. In short, all the benefits of system thinking will guide an organization to make better decisions, which in turn will produce good results and lead to success.


Role of the manager in managing business organizations

Planning: This phase involves specifying the way to attain a particular objective. For instance, the organization's objective is to increase sales of the corporation. Firstly, the manager needs to ascertain the steps needed to attain that objective. These steps might include adding ads, inventory, and sales to people. These essential steps have been prepared in a plan. Once plan is over, the manager should follow the plan to attain the company's sales growth goal (Binyamin, 2018).

Organizing: After making the plan, the manager requires to organize her team along with materials as per her plan. Allocating work and giving permissions are two significant elements of the organization.

Staffing: Afterward the manager comprehends the requirements in his area; he might decide to increase the number of employees by selecting, recruiting, training as well as nurturing employees. The managers of large establishments generally work with the organization's HR department to attain this objective(Smith, 2011).

Leading: To achieve goals, managers need to plan, organize and equip teams. He should also lead. Leadership includes inspiration, encouragement, guidance and communication. This manager needs to work with the staff to guide, support and solve the problem.

Controlling: After being in place of other elements, the work of manager is not finished. They need to continuously examine the goals and resultsand take essential corrective action to make sure that their regional plans remain normal.

As a manager, the manager should set the goals that each employee should achieve within a certain period of time(Cardeñosa, Herrero and Gisbert, 2012). This may be a lot of products that every worker must produce every day, orders that everyone can complete every day, new customers that employees can get, and so on. Through set goals and objectives, employees will be challenged and motivated to work hard. If everyone can get good grades and reach their goals every day, they will have a sense of satisfaction. Another important role of managers in the workplace is to assign tasks to each employee. This will make sure that the corporation’s day-to-day functions or business activities are properly implemented(Sidle, 2014).

What are the issues managers face in performing their roles in business organizations?

When members differ in race, color, caste, belief, nationality, gender, etc., the diversity of labor exists. Traditionally, organizations are managed by workers with little or no variety, such as all men, all white or all Indians, but today almost all organizations have made dramatic changes in the structure of the workforce(Chrobot-Mason and Leslie, 2012). The company employs people from different ethical, social, economic and cultural backgrounds at almost each organizational level.

While diversity provides competitive advantages in terms of resource acquisition, cost, creativity, marketing, troubleshooting and system flexibility, it turns into a source of dispute in several organizations. The organization’s aborigines may be reluctant to accept cooperation with people from other cultural backgrounds.

One of the key reasons why motivation is a thought-provoking job is the change in the workforce. Workforces are part of their organization and have a variety of expectationsandneeds(Faustenhammer and Gössler, 2011). Different personnel have diverse beliefs, thinking, values, attitudesandbackgrounds. However, all the organizations are unaware of diversity of their workforce,in addition, therefore do not understand and clarify the diverse ways in which they can motivate their diverse workforce. It is a challenge for managers to comprehend that diverse people are inspired in diverse ways. Being able to motivate managers must first understand people's needs. Humans are intricate and comprehending their requirements is challenge. For several levels, it may actually be a de-motivation factor. Therefore, the challenge for managers is to keep the level of the hierarchy to a minimum.

Poor system and work overload can be the driving factor. Managers must respond to varying business systems, appropriate workload distribution, and maintaining job change to cope with boring challenges(Hendricks and Cesar, 2014). Another challenge may be how to include employees in decision making and participation. Ensuring that employees are motivated and motivated employee is a significant part of running a business. A participating and happy employee is available. Motivation is vital because the cost of replacing employees is higher than the cost of retaining employees. Therefore, employees must continue to be motivated. This is a focus on the list of organizational priorities(Huffman, 2012).


How do managers respond to these challenges while following the ethical principles and philosophy of the organization?

The manager must communicate with his/her employees and should occupy an important position on the essentials list. Most staff want a visible boss that can solve any problem. It's significant to keep chatting and informal meetings to ensure that they are happy and able to do their assigned tasks well and not be confused about anything. Regular and frequent communication with staff is required(Johansen et al., 2015). Communicate daily, but the intervention doesn't seem to matter. The manager must make himself available. Investing in employees is very important. It will keep the organization up to date in the business. In addition, the staff will be very grateful to be able to develop under the supervision of the manager's boat. Most importantly, the courses sponsored for sending staff have been meticulously researched to fully exploit the possibility. It is also significant to get feedback from employees about how they benefit from the course. When dealing with employees, it is vital that the manager lead by example. If a person wants the staff to work late, then one must be late to support the staff. Although the manager must respect his/her employees, it is not just working time. They will also choose how managers behave and behave in different situations. Therefore, it is important to ensure that the manager's boat must act in accordance with the employee's desired behavior. The manager never expects the employee to do what he/she doesn't do(Peters and Petrill, 2011).

Directive: Here, managers provide guidelines for subordinates to understand their expectations, set performance criteria for them, as well as control behavior when performance criteria are not fulfilled. He wisely uses rewards along with disciplinary action.

Supportive: Managers should be friendly to their subordinates and show personal attention to their requirements and well-being. This style is same as the people-oriented manager ship(Pfeifer, 2013).

Participative: Managers must trust group decisions and share information with their subordinates. He consulted his subordinates on significant decisions connected to work, mission objectives and ways to solve them.

Achievement-oriented: Managers need to set challenging objectives and encourage employees to achieve optimal performance. The manager trusts that the employees have sufficient responsibilities to achieve challenging objectives. This is similar as the goal setting philosophy(Shevchenko, 2016).


In short, good leaders will not be born. If we have will power and desires, we can be effectual leaders. In addition, managers have responsibility and power to make verdicts about managing the business. The manager has work to do as well as needs to fulfill it. Not all the managers are leaders. Managers might have an ideal leader and their style might be adopted. He or she must be able to deal with many things that happen at the same time. There are several parts that can help make good manager. Learning, development, and leadership abilities are often inferred from engagement, interaction, and practice.

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