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COVID-19 disease and best way of its prevention

COVID-19 disease and best way of its prevention

According to the World Health Organization, COVID-19 is classified as a disease caused by a novel coronavirus (nCoV 2019), now called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV 2). Most people infected with the virus have mild to moderate illness and recover without special treatment, but some are seriously ill and need treatment. Having a thorough knowledge of the disease and the spread of the virus is the best way to prevent and slow its spread (WHO, 2021).

Hand hygiene

Hand hygiene is the cornerstone of infection control and promote as focus of the world (Zhong et al., 2021). Hand hygiene can reduce the spread of COVID-19 in public communities (Beale et al., 2020). Hand hygiene is a simple and inexpensive technique that plays an important role in reducing the spread of infections (Ahmed et al., 2020). Saitoh et al., (2020) stated that the recent global coronavirus (COVID-19) epidemic has increased the attention of hand hygiene. There are two main types of hand hygiene, such as hand washing with soap and water and alcohol based hand sanitizer (Saitoh et al., 2020).

Hand washing with soap and water

Hand washing is as important as eating, because it is the best way to stay healthy and prevent disease. Soap plays an important role in maintaining good health by removing impurities,

bacteria and viruses (Singh et. al., 2020). WHO recommends washing hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds to prevent the spread of the disease (Othman Ahmed, 2021).

Alcohol based hand sanitizer

According to the World Health Organization, alcohol based hand sanitizer is an antiseptic that temporarily inactivate microorganisms and inhibits their growth (Singh et. al., 2020). Alcohol based hand sanitizer to be comprised between 60 to 95 percent of alcohol in the form of ethanol, isopropanol, or n-propanol (Singh et. al., 2020).

Soap and Water

Coronavirus disease (COVID 19) is a dangerous illness impacting people all over the planet, with no recognized medicinal treatment and no confirmed vaccination obtainable as of yet. It also causes a new infection known as a severe acute respiratory syndrome. The pathogen is very infectious and spreads via affected people's tiny particles when they cough, sneeze or even contact a virus. In this setting, preventive measure is a viable method for controlling COVID 19. Hand washing's importance in avoiding infectious illnesses has been recognized for over a generation. Washing hands is a low-cost and freely accessible preventative technique for highly contagious acute respiratory infections in individuals and pandemics. In an outbreak, nevertheless, it stays an ignored policy issue. Handwashing awareness is quite effective in preventing COVID 19 infestations. Compared to soaps and foaming agents, alcohol-based cleaning solvents with moisturizers have the lowest irritancy and damaging ability.

Hand washing practices are critical during the COVID 19 pandemic to defend from the transmission of SARS CoV 2 and to reduce the possibility of unpleasant skin reactions on the palms. Since many COVID 19 patients are symptom-free, comprehensive measures should be taken in the present epidemic. Hand hygiene must be performed extensively for at least 20 seconds, along with forearms, and nail beds, with warm and soapy water, especially prior to eating food, after a sneeze or cough, following staying in shared spaces, after using bathrooms, and also when the hands are unhygienic, according to WHO suggestions. Rinsing of the hands must be performed gently following washing hands to avoid producing direct damage to the hands. Medical practitioners must use alcohol-based hand sanitizer and antibiotic disinfectant to cleanse their hands, including interacting with infected patients.

Washing hands needs to be implemented correctly, with specific emphasis paid to ensure that all parts of the hands are washed equally. According to one research, the fingers are frequently overlooked when hand washing. When washing hands, extra attention must be paid to these overlooked regions (Swain, 2021). Hand dermatitis can be prevented by using hypoallergenic moisturizers sanitizers. After washing hands, moisturizing cosmetic products is necessary to keep the skin moisturized and avoid additional undesirable medical symptoms.

Hand Sanitizer

Since authorities and community medical organizations around the globe encouraged hand cleanliness as a precautionary step throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, the worldwide employment of alcohol-based hand sanitizers (ABHS) as an essential method of limiting the spread of contagious illness has expanded dramatically. While the effectiveness of such goods is generally usually described as a consequence of their ethanol content, they are miscellaneous items with a complex interaction of elements that affect effectiveness.

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