This study reflects the importance of family health assessment and the potential ways for implementing it into family



Family Health Assessment can be described as a set of actions which considers a specific family as the client. Furthermore, the assessment evaluates the ability of the family to resolve, prevent and control problems for achieving well-being and health among the family members, for measurement. The SDOC responsible for the Family health status of the formerly identified family has been discussed along with the Social Ecological model and relevant health promotion strategies in this paper.
SDOH responsible for the Family Health status
The Social determinants of Health can be considered as the environmental factors, which shape the distribution of resources, power and money at certain levels of the society (Garg, Boynton-Jarrett & Dworkin, 2016). Furthermore, these determinants are primarily the conditions in which an individual is born and raised. SDOH may involve economic and social policies as well. It may be stated in this regards that education opportunities are one of the social determinants, which influence the family. For instance, the children go to school and receive adequate education, however the inadequate exercise and addiction to video games are responsible for hampering the health conditions of the children aged 10, 13 and 17 respectively.
In addition to that, the access to housing facilities and services may be responsible for the insufficient sleep and stress that the women of the household suffer from. Furthermore, the father of the children experiences stress as a result of the occupational status. It may be mentioned in this context, the church-going, community membership may be cited responsible for the social support as well as coping skills. Moreover, the family generally exhibit healthy behaviour. Regardless, the choice and access to healthy food plays a role for the moderately healthy family.
Age-appropriate screenings for family members
Screening may initially addressed through the evaluation of the five core social needs related to health. For instance, asking valid screening questions related to the identified social needs, namely, housing, transportation, food, personal safety and utilities (Adler et al., 2016). It may be stated in this context that the screening tools are often implemented for undertaking the screening procedures. SDOH Patient Action Plan, SDOH Long-form screening tool as well SDOH Short-form is implemented for the screening procedures (Thornton et al., 2016). The children of age 10 and 13 may evaluated based on educational facilities as well as personal safety. Asking relevant questions and even offering to administer the aid of a family member may be suggested in this case, as children may often feel insecure in the absence of a family member. Furthermore, the oldest child may be more hesitant towards answering personal questions, thus, comforting the adolescent is to be taken into consideration. The parents may be evaluated regarding the housing, occupational and fooding grounds, while the grandparents may be assessed regarding the relationship they have developed with the community. Considering signs for depression and spiritual or religious beliefs are also to be identified.
Bronfenbrenner's ecological model and its application
The Bronfenbrenner's ecological model considers the dynamics of the interrelations of environmental and personal factors. Bronfenbrenner's ecological model regards the psychological and biological makeup of the child to be primarily based on the genetic and individual developmental history. However, the social as well as physical environment may influence the outcome of the development of the child (Vélez-Agosto et al., 2017). It discusses the several environments that a child or an individual is a part of, such as the microsystem, the mesosystem, the exosystem, and even the macrosystem and the chronosystem as demonstrated in Figure 1. Furthermore, this model is widely implemented in the strategic alignment of public health policies across the target population.
This particular model has been found to be effective for the family in question as it would not only aid in the social and psychological development of the children, but the adults in the family may also conform to the identified pattern in the model. The influence of the microsystem varies in case of the children and the adults. For instance, in case of the children, the microsystem comprises the school, friends and peers, while for the adults, that may be the workplace, neighbours as well as the religious beliefs and affiliation.
Family-centered health promotion and health communication strategies
Promotion of health for this family may be centered chiefly around:
? More outdoor activities for the children: This may aid in the reduction in the video gaming addiction. Furthermore, it enhances the physical activities of the children, leading to a better life.
? Reduction in stress through increased interaction with community and family: It may be mentioned that in case the prime cause of stress is reduced, the family, especially the adults may benefit from the stress at work or household chores.
The health communication strategies include:
? Comprehension of conventional concepts related to the culture and settings prevalent for this particular family
? Consideration of cultural competence and health literacy among the target population
? Implementation of field trips and educational trips for the children, while the adults may be addressed through billboards, digital tools and more
This study reflects the importance of family health assessment and the potential ways for implementing it into the family. Furthermore, the Bronfenbrenner's ecological model and its applications for this case study have been mentioned as well.


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